Redistricting: Fair Maps for Alabama

The right to vote is one of the most sacred civil liberties we have as citizens. We believe voting should be easy for every citizen and that each vote should count the same.

Historically, politicians have used gerrymandering, packing, and cracking to dilute the influence of Black voters. We seek to ensure that the current redistricting process allows Alabama's Black voters the same opportunities as white voters to elect their candidates of choice, regardless of where they live in the state and regardless of who they vote for.

Redistricting is not something best left to the politicians and the experts. Every voter has a vital stake in redistricting because it determines the composition of districts that elect public officials at every level of government.

NOT SURE WHICH DISTRICT YOU CURRENTLY LIVE IN? FIND OUT HERE.


FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS  

Q: What is redistricting?  

A: Every 10 years, including this year, states redraw electoral district lines based on population data gathered in the Decennial Census. These district lines determine the electoral boundaries for representation in Congress, state legislatures, and in many county and municipal offices. This process is called 'redistricting.' 

Q: What is gerrymandering? 

A: Sometimes, people talk about how redistricting can be used to ‘gerrymander’ these electoral district lines. Gerrymandering is the practice of manipulating electoral boundaries to give an unfair political advantage to a particular political party or group. 

In racial gerrymandering, state legislatures use race as a predominant factor in drawing districts and do so in a way that is not justified by the Voting Rights Act. This process often dilutes the influence of voters of color. One method involves “packing” communities of color into a small number of districts to weaken their voting power, when they would otherwise be an influential voting block across multiple districts. Districts can also be drawn to reduce the voting power of a minority group by “cracking” the community into several districts that are overwhelmingly white. 

Q: What are ACLU of Alabama’s biggest concerns regarding redistricting?  

A: Fairness. Legislators must not draw maps that artificially “pack” Black voters into some districts or “crack” Black voters across districts with the intent or effect of diluting voting strength, without analyzing what the Voting Rights Act actually requires. The Committee must also follow the Alabama Constitution’s command to respect county lines except where necessary to comply with the Voting Rights Act or one-person, one-vote. Unnecessarily splitting districts across counties dilutes voters’ power by creating legislative delegations that do not prioritize that county’s constituents. This practice disproportionately denies Black Alabamians local influence.

Transparency. Fair maps require that legislators conduct the redistricting process transparently, and take public input into account. The committee should publicize notice of hearings and instructions for public participation, hold additional hearings to include evening and weekend hours, ensure that hearings are held in locations people with mobility impairments can access, and provide American Sign Language interpreters at each hearing and make it easy for participants with disabilities to request additional accommodations.  


HOW TO GET INVOLVED 

SUBMIT COMMENTS TO COMMITTEE MEMBERS.

Let them know why fair maps are important to you and your community.

Access further information from the Permanent Legislative Committee on Reapportionment, including maps, member information, meeting notices, and more. Minutes from the public hearings will be added later.  

 

Senate

House

1st Congressional District 

Jack Williams, jack.williams@alsenate.gov

Sam Jones, sam.jones@alhouse.gov  

2nd Congressional District 

Jimmy Holley, jimmy.holley@alsenate.gov

Steve Clouse, steve.clouse@alhouse.gov 

3rd Congressional District 

Jim McClendon, jim.mcclendon@alsenate.gov 

Barbara Boyd, barbara.boyd@alhouse.gov

4th Congressional District

Clay Scofield, clay.scofield@alsenate.gov

Kyle South, kyle.south@alhouse.gov 

5th Congressional District

Steve Livingston, steve.livingston@alsenate.gov 

Lynn Greer, lynn.greer@alhouse.gov 

6th Congressional District

Dan Roberts, dan.roberts@alsenate.gov 

Corley Ellis, corley.ellis@alhouse.gov 

7th Congressional District

Gerald Allen, gerald.allen@alsenate.gov 

Chris England, chris.england@alhouse.gov

At Large

Tim Melson, tim.melson@alsenate.gov 

Laura Hall, laura.hall@alhouse.gov 

At Large

Arthur Orr, arthur.orr@alsenate.gov

Randy Wood, randy.wood@alhouse.gov 

At Large

Bobby Singleton, bobby.singleton@alsenate.gov 

Joe Lovvorn, joe.lovvorn@alhouse.gov 

At Large

Rodger Smitherman, rodger.smitherman@alsenate.gov 

Chris Pringle, chris.pringle@alhouse.gov

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ATTEND A REDISTRICTING PUBLIC HEARING.

You have the opportunity for your voice to be heard. Attend one of the statewide redistricting hearings held by the Alabama Joint Legislative Committee of Reapportionment. Demand a transparent and fair redistricting process.  

If you are experiencing difficulties accessing the hearings, either in person or virtually, please let us know by submitting a legal intake form. 

  • Wednesday, September 1st - 9 AM: Drake State Community and Technical College, Lecture Hall and Cafetorium, 3421 Meridian St North, Huntsville, AL 35811 | Link to Watch
  • Wednesday, September 1st - 11 AM: Northwest-Shoals Community College, Hospitality House, 800 George Wallace Boulevard, Muscle Shoals, AL 35662 | Link to Watch
  • Wednesday, September 1st - 2 PM: Calhoun Community College, Health Sciences Building - Room 109, 6250 Highway 31 North, Tanner, AL 35671 | Link to Watch
  • Wednesday, September 1st - 4 PM: Northeast Alabama Community College, Theater Auditorium, 138 Alabama Highway 35, Rainsville, AL 35986 | Link to Watch
  • Thursday, September 2nd - 9 AM: Snead State Community College, Fielder Auditorium - Administration Building, 102 Elder Street, Boaz, AL 35957 | Link to Watch
  • Thursday, September 2nd - 11 AM: Wallace State Community College, Cherry Hall Bencze Theater, 1141 Wallace Drive, Dothan, AL 36303 | Link to Watch
  • Thursday, September 2nd - 2 PM: Bevill State Community College, Earl McDonald Auditorium, Bevill Center, 2631 Temple Avenue North, Fayette, AL 35555 | Link to Watch
  • Thursday, September 2nd - 4 PM: Lawson State Community College, Alabama Center for Advanced Technology and Training, 3060 Wilson Road Southwest, Birmingham, AL 35221 | Link to Watch
  • Tuesday, September 7th - 9 AM: Shelton State Community College, Bean-Brown Theater, 9500 Old Greensboro Road, Tuscaloosa, AL 35405 | Link to Watch
  • Tuesday, September 7th - 11 AM: Jefferson State Community College, Performing Arts Center Auditorium, 1850 Lay Dam Road, Clanton, AL 35045 | Link to Watch
  • Tuesday, September 7th - 2 PM: Jefferson State Community College, Judy Merritt Health Sciences Building, Room 129 A-D (Multipurpose Room), 4600 Valleydale Road, Hoover, AL 35242 | Link to Watch
  • Tuesday, September 7th - 4 PM: Wallace State Community College, Hank Sanders Conference Room, 3000 Earl Goodwin Parkway, Selma, AL 36702 | Link to Watch
  • Wednesday, September 8th - 9 AM: Bishop State Community College, Delchamps Auditorium, 351 North Broad Street, Mobile, AL 36603 | Link to Watch
  • Wednesday, September 8th - 11 AM: Coastal Alabama Community College, Nettles Auditorium, 2800 South Alabama Avenue, Monroeville, AL 36460 | Link to Watch
  • Wednesday, September 8th - 1 PM: Demopolis Civic Center, 501 N Commissioners Avenue, Demopolis, AL 36732 | Link to Watch
  • Wednesday, September 8th - 3 PM: Troy University, Trojan Center Performing Arts, 321 Veterans Memorial Drive, Troy, AL | Link to Watch
  • Wednesday, September 8th - 6 PM: Alabama State House, Alabama Statehouse Room 200, 11 S Union Street, Montgomery, AL | Link to Watch
  • Thursday, September 9th - 9 AM: Gadsden State Community College, Cheaha Lecture Hall, Room 111, 1801 Coleman Road, Anniston, AL 36202 | Link to Watch
  • Thursday, September 9th - 11 AM: Lurleen B. Wallace Community College, Wendell Mitchell Conference Center, 750 Greenville Bypass, Greenville, AL 36037 | Link to Watch
  • Thursday, September 9th - 2 PM: Coastal Alabama Community College, Woodfin Patterson Auditorium, 220 Alco Drive, Brewton, AL 36426 | Link to Watch
  • Thursday, September 9th - 4 PM: Southern Union State Community College, Southern Room, 301 Lake Condy Road, Opelika, AL 36801 | Link to Watch
  • Wednesday, September 15th - 9 AM: Coastal Alabama Community College, Tombigbee Room, 30755 US Highway 43, Thomasville, AL 36784 | Link to Watch
  • Wednesday, September 15th - 11 AM: Wallace State Community College, Auditorium, 801 Main Street Northwest, Hanceville, AL 35077 | Link to Watch
  • Wednesday, September 15th - 2 PM: Gadsden State Community College, New Science Building Auditorium, 101 George Wallace Drive, Gadsden, AL 35902 | Link to Watch
  • Wednesday, September 15th - 4 PM: National Guard Armory, Richard Stone Building, 21578 US Hwy 82, Union Springs, AL | Link to Watch
  • Thursday, September 16th - 11 AM: University of West Alabama, Webb Hall Room 239, 25 Webb Circle, Livingston, AL | Link to Watch
  • Thursday, September 16th - 2 PM: Coastal Alabama Community College, Centennial Hall, 440 Fairhope Avenue, Fairhope, AL 36532 | Link to Watch
  • Thursday, September 16th - 4 PM: Southern Union State Community College, Lake Room, 750 Roberts Street, Wadley, AL 36276 | Link to Watch

ASK QUESTIONS.

In general

  • What are your primary redistricting goals? What are the criteria you’re using for achieving those goals? 
  • How are you weighting your redistricting guidelines? Which are your top priorities among competing priorities? 
  • What are the most significant changes from the existing maps that you anticipate? 
  • Are you using total population, Voting Age Population (VAP), Citizen Voting Age Population (CVAP), or something else as your base population metric? 
  • How will incarcerated people be counted? Will incarcerated people be treated as residing where they are incarcerated, where they previously lived, or excluded from redistricting? 

Transparency

  • How is this public hearing going to affect your redistricting process? 
  • In what ways will you make your decision-making process public? 
  • What different ways will the public be ablehave to submit input? Can the public submit comments on drafts, or map proposals of our own? 
  • How much time will be provided for public input between draft and final maps adopted by the legislature? 

Section 2 compliance

  • Has the committee determined the level of Black Citizen Age Voting Population (BCVAP) needed for Black voters to have an opportunity to elect their candidate of choice where voting is racially polarized in different jurisdictions? 
  • What analysis has the committee undertaken to determine the BCVAP needed to effectively elect candidates of choice? 
  • Has the Committee undertaken this analysis at the local level? 
  • What does the Committee believe is necessary to do to comply with the Voting Rights Act in drawing congressional or state legislative districts? 

Undue partisanship

  • Does the Committee intend to draw maps with the intent to favor one political party? 
  • Race and party are closely correlated in Alabama. How will you ensure that politically gerrymandered maps do not also favor voters according to race? 
  • How will political considerations apart from incumbency play a role in your decisionmakingdecision-making? 
  • What will you do to ensure that boundaries are not drawn for a purpose of favoring or disfavoring a particular political party? 

Protecting historically disenfranchised communities

  • What are you doing to ensure that communities of interest stay intact, such as certain Black communities in Birmingham and Huntsville? 
  • Will you reunite any of the following communities of interest that are split in the current maps? 
  • What will you do to ensure that boundaries are not drawn for purposes of favoring or discriminating against a minority group? 

Splitting counties

  • What criteria will you use to determine when to split counties and voting precincts? 
  • Are there any situations in which you would split counties or voting precincts beyond the goal to meet equal population goals? 
  • Speakers can demonstrate commonality and the need to preserve communities of interest by testifying to shared representation in or use of: 
    • Other political or judicial subdivisions (e.g., water districts, fire and police districts, the jurisdictions of local courts) 
    • Educational opportunities (school districts, the areas served by local colleges, community colleges, and vocational schools) 
    • Religious congregations 
    • Employment opportunities (e.g., most of the workers at an auto plant, warehouse, or slaughterhouse reside in this region) 
    • Other services (the regions connected by certain highways and roads, regions served by the same hospital, airport, or railways).] 

Congressional concerns

  • How will the committee correct what the state has conceded is a racial gerrymander? [See Defs.’ Pretrial Brief at 11, Chestnut v. Merrill, No. 2:18-CV-00907-KOB, ECF No. 101 (N.D. Ala. Oct. 28, 2019)
  • Will the Committee agree to keep Montgomery in one district rather than spitting it between three? 
  • Will the Committee consider using Birmingham and Jefferson County as the anchor of a district rather than splitting it into two? 

Page last updated: September 9, 2021