The 2020 Election is Alabama's next chance to vote. This statewide election will determine seats for local, state, and federal positions.

Check your sample ballot to find out what elections your county is holding for your political party. In Alabama, voters are not allowed to vote in the Republican primary runoff if they voted in the Democratic primary in March, and vice versa.

Important Dates and Deadlines

Primary Run-Off

  • June 29, 2020 - Voter registration deadline for primary run-off election
  • July 9, 2020 - Last day to apply for an absentee ballot for the primary run-off election
  • July 13, 2020 - Last day for voter to hand-deliver or postmark an absentee ballot
  • July 14, 2020 - Primary Run-Off Election Day

General Election

  • October 19, 2020 - Voter registration deadline for general election
  • October 29, 2020 - Last day to apply for an absentee ballot for the general election
  • November 2, 2020 - Last day for voter to hand-deliver or postmark an absentee ballot
  • November 3, 2020 - General Election Day

Absentee Voting

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the primary run-off election was postponed from March 31 to July 14, and the Secretary of State issued guidance instructing people who do not want to vote in person because of COVID-19 concerns can vote by absentee ballot and select the "I have a physical illness or infirmity which prevents my attendance at the polls" option when requesting a ballot. More information about voting absentee can be found on the Secretary of State's website.

Tips on voting absentee

  • Check your voter registration status before the deadline. If your status is “inactive”, update your voter registration information. 
  • Check your sample ballot. 
    • Note: Alabama’s crossover voting law prohibits you from voting in the Republican primary run-off if you voted in the Democratic primary, and vice versa. If you did not vote in the primary, you may vote in either run-off. 
  • Apply for your absentee ballot as early as possible to avoid delays with the post office. 
  • Make sure you plan ahead to have stamps and a photocopy of your voter ID on hand for when you apply for your ballot. 
  • You can also complete your absentee ballot in person if you will be out of the county on election day. 

How to apply for an absentee ballot

To obtain an absentee ballot, contact the local Absentee Election Manager (usually the Circuit Clerk), request an absentee ballot, and provide the following:

  • Name and residential address (or other such information in order to verify voter registration)
  • Copy of your valid photo identification
  • Election for which the ballot is requested
  • Reason for absence from polls on election day
  • Party choice, if the election is a party primary
  • Address to which the ballot should be mailed
  • Voter signature (If a mark is made in place of a signature, it must be witnessed.)

Note: No absentee ballot application may be mailed in the same envelope as another voter's absentee ballot application.

How to complete your absentee ballot

The absentee ballot comes with three envelopes -- one plain (the secrecy envelope), one with an affidavit, or oath, printed on the outside, and one plain envelope, preaddressed (the outer envelope). 

Complete the ballot, and then do as follows:

  • Seal the ballot in the plain envelope.
  • Place the plain envelope inside the accompanying affidavit envelope.
  • Seal the affidavit envelope and complete the affidavit that is on the outside of the envelope.
  • Sign the affidavit and have the signature witnessed by either a notary public or two witnesses 18 years of age or older.

Exceptions to deadlines

For emergency absentee voting, applications can be made after the absentee deadline but no later than 5 PM on the day before the election.

  • If required by an employer under unforeseen circumstances to be unavailable at the polls on the day of the election;
  • If a caregiver of a person who requires emergency treatment by licensed physician within five days before an election; or
  • If has a family member to the second degree of kinship by affinity or consanguinity die within five days before an election.

For medical emergencies, voters must do the following:  

  • During that 5 day period, the medical emergency absentee ballot application and the voted absentee ballot must be returned no later than noon on the day the election is held. 
  • The medical emergency absentee ballot application requires that the attending physician describe and certify the circumstances as constituting an emergency.  
  • The voter may designate someone to turn in the medical emergency absentee ballot application, receive the absentee ballot on behalf of the voter, and return the voted absentee ballot to the Absentee Election Manager on behalf of the voter.

Voting in-person after requesting an absentee ballot

If you have requested an absentee ballot but vote in-person instead, you will only be able to complete a provisional ballot at your polling place. This will be counted as a regular vote once they confirm your absentee ballot was not returned. 

Be sure to check the status of your provisional ballot online at

flow chart of crossover voting for primary, run-off, and general

Crossover Voting

The Alabama legislature passed a law making crossover voting a class C felony. This is the act of casting a ballot in one party's primary and then casting a ballot in a different party's primary run-off.

  • You can vote in any primary during any election as long as you are a registered voter in Alabama. Whether Democrat, Republican, or Independent, you can vote in any party primary, regardless of how you voted in any previous elections.
  • If you vote Republican in the primary, you cannot vote Democrat if there is a primary run-off. If you vote Democrat in the primary, you cannot vote Republican if there is a primary run-off. However, if you did not vote in the primary, you can vote in either party's primary run-off. 
  • Polling places are charged with recording which primary you vote in and checking to ensure you are not crossover voting. However, if you are told you cannot vote in the runoff because of party affiliation and you believe you were listed incorrectly, you can request to cast a provisional ballot. 
  • The crossover ban only impacts a single primary, so after the primary is over, voters can choose any candidate on the ballot during the general election. Voters can also choose a different primary to vote in during future elections. 

Page last revised: July 13, 2020